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Capturing coronavirus and other remote possibilities in the Investment Futures Framework

March 2020


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Managing risks intelligently — those that can be reasonably anticipated all the way to outliers — to preserve as well as grow clients’ capital, long-term, is the core of investment management.

Every investment manager has an investment philosophy and process to make sense of the world and to create order out of it.

The Investment Futures Framework (Framework) is our way of doing so in our multi-asset portfolios.A feature of the Framework is the way it forces us to think about the range of things that can happen (Chart 1) as distinct from guessing what will happen.

Chart 1: Thinking about what could happen, rather than guessing what will happen
Investment Futures Framework

Source: MLC Asset Management Services Limited

Investment professionals can easily fall into the trap of trying to land on a preferred ‘base case’ and position portfolios accordingly.

However, a single base case scenario, or even instances where an upside case and downside case are also developed, runs up against the world’s complexity. The Framework provides an antidote to the risk of biases inherent in trying to ‘narrow cast’ by minimising the range of issues for consideration.

In a world of endless information, this kind of narrow casting is a perfectly normal impulse. Unfortunately, mental short cuts can also result in reaching emotionally satisfying but far-from-accurate conclusions.

By contrast, the Investment Futures Framework actively steers us away from comfort zone thinking towards understanding the many things that could happen and then identifying the most appropriate trade-off between risk and return for each of the portfolios we manage for clients.

Capturing coronavirus in investment scenarios

Rather than imagining one or even several sets of outcomes and their associated investment returns, the Framework recognises the possibility of a vast number of scenarios with a great breadth of return possibilities. This includes more likely scenarios as well as remote possibilities like pandemics (Chart 2), such as the current coronavirus outbreak.

The coronavirus crisis and the way it is disrupting societies, economies and markets demonstrates the Framework’s practicality and elasticity. Having pandemics as a possibility, even if remote, means that we’re prepared when low probability events occur.

We’re not caught scrambling to analyse on the run. Perhaps the worst time to begin thinking about a low probability event is when it’s already underway.

Chart 2: Many futures are possible, including a global pandemic (scenario 25)
Investment Futures Framework

Source: MLC Asset Management Services Limited

In the absence of the Framework and its vast number of scenarios, it’s easy to fall into the trap of looking back to history to similar pandemics and extrapolating from them. However, history is, at best, an imperfect guide to the future.

Presently, some investors and commentators are looking back to the 2003 SARS outbreak for a ‘compare and contrast’ with Covid-19. However, just two pieces of information emphasise the limits of the comparison.

China’s economy in 2003 was around 4% of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP) while it was 15% of global GDP in 2019.2 Making assumptions on how coronavirus is affecting financial markets on out-of-date information, just because it happens to coincide with the most recent China-based outbreak, risks reaching unsound conclusions.

Thanks to the Investment Futures Framework, our portfolios were not caught completely unawares by the coronavirus outbreak and that may provide some reassurance for our clients.

1 MLC’s multi-asset portfolios comprise MLC Wholesale Inflation Plus, MLC Wholesale Horizon, and MLC Wholesale Index Plus portfolios.

2 Source: China: Percent of world GDP. The Global Economy. Data sourced from The World Bank. Accessed 3 March 2020.

Important information

This communication is provided by MLC Investments Limited (ABN 30 002 641 661, AFSL 230705) (MLC), the Responsible Entity for the MLC Wholesale Inflation Plus, MLC Wholesale Horizon and MLC Index Plus portfolios, and is a member of the National Australia Bank Limited (ABN 12 004 044 937, AFSL 230 686) group of companies (NAB Group), 105–153 Miller Street, North Sydney 2060.  MLC is not an authorised deposit-taking institution and NAB does not guarantee or otherwise accept any liability in respect of any financial product referred to in this publication.

The information in this communication is general in nature and has been prepared without taking account of individual investors’ objectives, financial situation or needs and because of that investors should, before acting on the advice, consider the appropriateness of the advice having regard to their personal objectives, financial situation and needs.

The Product Disclosure Statement (PDS) for “MLC’s multi-asset portfolios” (MLC Wholesale Funds) mentioned in this communication — MLC Wholesale Inflation Plus Conservative; MLC Wholesale Inflation Plus Moderate; MLC Wholesale Inflation Plus Assertive; MLC Wholesale Horizon 1 Bond portfolio; MLC Wholesale Horizon 2 - Income portfolio; MLC Wholesale Horizon 3 - Conservative Growth portfolio; MLC Wholesale Horizon 4 - Balanced portfolio; MLC Wholesale Horizon 5 - Growth portfolio; MLC Wholesale Horizon 6 - Share portfolio; MLC Wholesale Horizon 6 - Accelerated Growth portfolio; MLC Wholesale Index Plus Conservative Growth Portfolio; MLC Wholesale Index Plus Balanced Portfolio; and MLC Wholesale Index Plus Growth Portfolio — are available upon request by phoning 132 652 or on our website at

The PDS for each of the MLC Wholesale Funds mentioned in this communication is issued by MLC Investments Limited, and you should consider them before making any decision about whether to acquire or continue to hold those products.

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Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. The value of an investment may rise or fall with the changes in the market. Any projection or other forward-looking statement in this document is provided for information purposes only, and no representation is made that they will be met. Actual events may vary materially.

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